Protect Your Health with Expert Dental Extractions
Dental extractions are a frequently performed procedure in dentistry. While it is often a priority for patients to keep as many of their own natural teeth when possible, certain conditions sometimes require that a tooth be pulled. Wisdom teeth are often removed as they can become painful and cause shifting in the rest of the teeth if left unaddressed. In the event that a tooth becomes damaged irreparably, suffering from breakage, decay, or an abscess, an extraction procedure would also be necessary in that case as well. Sometimes the location of a tooth complicates other restorative dental plans, and must be dispensed with.
Consequences of Missing Teeth
The procedure for a simple extraction is straightforward; a local anesthetic is used to eliminate pain at the site of the extraction, and using dental forceps, the dentist removes the unwanted tooth. Sometimes if the patient’s pain cannot be sufficiently managed, or if there are expected difficulties, a general anesthesia may also be utilized. General anesthesia is primarily used in surgical extractions, in which both soft and hard tissues are disturbed to remove a tooth which may not have yet worked its way above the gum line. Sometimes the tooth is broken into pieces to allow for easier extraction. As this procedure requires an incision, stitches will also be necessary.
Patients can expect facial swelling, and bleeding at the extraction site. A plan for pain management can be discussed with the attending dentist, and depending on the specific conditions of the patient, antibiotics may be prescribed as a pre-emptive course of action against infection. Patients are urged not to smoke during the healing period, which takes approximately one week, and until healing occurs, patients should be careful not to disturb the socket area. Only soft or liquid foods should be eaten, and while oral home care is important to maintain, the extraction site should be avoided in brushing and flossing until healed over. Gentle rinsing of the mouth and the socket with salt water will aid in healing, as well as reduce the risk of developing dry socket or bone infection.